How To Treat Corneal Abrasions

Health & Medical Blog

If you experience watering eyes, light sensitivity, eye redness, or feeling like something is stuck in the eye, you may have a scratched cornea, commonly called corneal abrasion. Corneal abrasion can occur from broken contact lenses, a poke in the eye, or fluids.

The cornea is the transparent part of the eye that focuses light to help you see clearly. Mild cases of corneal abrasion can be treated at home by following these tips.

Dislodge the Object by Blinking or Rinsing

Ensure your hands are clean, and gently bring the top eyelid over the lower eyelid. The lashes should help brush the particles from the eyes. 

Remove glasses or contact lenses, and attempt to dislodge the object by blinking several times to activate the lacrimal glands, which produce tears. Blinking should help remove small particles. 

Never try to remove objects with your hands or tweezers that could worsen the injury. If the object isn't allowing you to close eyelids properly, visit your eye doctor or emergency room.

If blinking didn't work, flush the eyes with water. You may also use a store bought saline solution. For mild chemical irritations, rinse for five minutes. Rinse moderate irritations for twenty minutes.

Apply Eye Drops

Add lubricating eye drops to the infected area. Eye drops produce artificial tears to flush the eye. Wash you hands with antibacterial soap before you apply the eye drops to avoid adding bacteria. When you open the bottle, don't use the first drop of liquid to remove dirt that may be on top of the dropper.

Pull down the bottom eyelid to apply the drops. After you apply the drops, hold a cloth over the eye to remove extra liquid.Tilt your head back, so the drops stay in the eye better.

Never use the eye drops more than four times daily, since the preservatives can irritate the eye. You will usually need to experiment with different brands. Use the suggested amount of drops on the bottle, and wait several minute sin between drops.

Care for The Eyes Properly While They Heal

  • Avoid wearing contact lenses for a week after the injury. After you apply antibiotic treatment, wait twenty-four hours before wearing them again.
  •  If you are sensitive to the light, wear sunglasses with UV protection even indoors. 
  • Don't wear eye make-up ,which can further irritate the eyes.
  • Never rub your eyes during the healing.
  • Don't wear eye patches. Eye patches were once commonly prescribed for eye scratches, but research shows they prolong healing.

Moderate corneal abrasions should heal in two to five days. If your eye doesn't seem to heal, or you notice a decrease in vision, visit with eye doctors.


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